Nutritional value of mango
Mango is one of the famous tropical fruits and is known as the “tropical fruit king”. The flesh is rich in trace elements such as vitamin C, vitamin A, dietary fiber, sugar, folic acid, calcium, phosphorus, iron, potassium and magnesium. Especially vitamin C and vitamin A, because the vitamin C content in mango is higher, it can supplement the consumption of vitamin C in the body, which can reduce the production of oxidative free radicals in the human body. In addition, rich in vitamin A, for people with excessive skin and eyes It is a good nutritional supplement, and it also has a good anti-halation anti-snoring effect!
Mango is transliterated from English Mango, scientific name: Mangifera indica, L. Native to India, it is a tropical fruit tree of the Anacardiaceae family.
Taiwan mango cultivars can be divided into four categories after their cultivation environment and consumption preferences.
||Nanyang species – White (commonly known as ivory) and black incense.
||Improved species – Ai Wen, Haydn, Kate, Sacred Heart, etc.
||Emerging strains – Jinhuang, Tai Nong No.1, Yuwen No.6, Jinxing, Yulin, Slow Love, Jinwen, Hong Kate, Jinmi, Shanlin No.1, Honglong, Wenxin, Heixiang , Sacred Heart, White, Four Seasons, etc.
Mango production period
Main production period: June to August every year
Mango is like a hot and humid climate. It blooms from January to March in spring. There are hundreds of bisexual flowers in each flower spike, but at the end of each flower, the fruiting rate is only 1-3, and the maturity is different depending on the variety. Mango can be eaten from May to October every year. June to July is the main abundance period of mango. If affected by weather, the production period will be advanced or delayed. It is one of the main fruits in Taiwan.
Aiwen Mango Introduction
In 1954, the Republic of China Agricultural Rehabilitation Association introduced more than 40 new mango varieties from Florida, USA. After 7 years of planting and domestication, the selection of Aiwen Mango for Taiwan was selected. Because the output is relatively stable, it is not easy to be large and small, and it is very popular among farmers. The plant can reach 4 meters, which is about 2.5 meters high for dwarfing. The period from south to north is about May-July. The flowers are red in color, yellow in small flowers, dark red in new shoots, and turn green after 30 days. The ripening epidermis of the fruit is bright red color, the flesh is orange-yellow, the skin is thin and fine, almost fiber-free, the taste is juicy, the sugar content is 12-15 degrees Brix, the acidity is 0.21%, the sweet and sour ratio is 57, the seed is small and thin, and the sweet and sour is moderate. It has a strong taste and is very popular among consumers. (Information refers to the website of the Council of Agriculture)
Father of Avon Mango
Yujing District of Tainan City has a reputation as the hometown of Aiwen Mango. Zheng Hanchi is one of the earliest farmers in Taiwan to plant Aiwen.
Yushu is one of the areas where the Republic of China Agricultural Rehabilitation Association has selected a number of regions for trial production. Zheng Hanchi, known as the “father of Aiwen Mango”, lived in Yujing. He planted sugarcane and other crops in his early years. In 1962, he switched to fruit trees and became the first pioneer to try to grow Aiwen Mango. Due to the immature cultivation techniques and the cold damage, the first batch of 100 fruit trees planted by Zheng Hanchi survived in the next year, and only harvested in the third year. Zheng Hanchi taught the cultivation techniques of Aiwen Mango to farmers in need. Gradually, the area of Yujing Aiwen Mango increased, laying the foundation stone of “Mango Hometown”. At present, the mango planting area in Tainan City is about 7032 hectares, mainly based on improved mango, about 6587 hectares, of which Aiwen Mango is the main one, accounting for 6-7 percent. (some data refer to Wikipedia)